Molniya Satellites

Molniya ("lightning") was a military communications satellite system used by the Soviet Union. The satellites used highly eccentric elliptical orbits of +63.4 degrees inclination and orbital period of about 12 hours (called Molniya orbits), which allowed them to be visible to polar regions for long periods. Details

The table is sortable. Please click on the header for ascending/descending sorting.

NameNORAD IDInt'l CodeLaunch datePeriod
MOLNIYA 1-93281632004-005AFebruary 18, 2004717.6Track it
MOLNIYA 3-51268672001-030AJuly 20, 2001572Track it
MOLNIYA 3-50258471999-036AJuly 8, 1999717.9Track it
MOLNIYA 1-91254851998-054ASeptember 28, 1998717.8Track it
MOLNIYA 1-90249601997-054ASeptember 24, 1997702.9Track it
MOLNIYA 3-47236421995-042AAugust 9, 1995717.6Track it
MOLNIYA 1-88234201994-081ADecember 14, 1994430.5Track it | Passes
MOLNIYA 1-87229491993-079ADecember 22, 1993718.6Track it
MOLNIYA 1-86226711993-035AMay 26, 1993256.4Track it | Passes
MOLNIYA 3-42221781992-067AOctober 14, 1992653.3Track it
MOLNIYA 3-41217061991-065ASeptember 17, 1991704.7Track it
MOLNIYA 1-81214261991-043AJune 18, 1991717.7Track it
MOLNIYA 3-40211961991-022AMarch 22, 1991709.4Track it
MOLNIYA 1-80211181991-012AFebruary 15, 1991701.7Track it
MOLNIYA 1-75198071989-014AFebruary 15, 1989718.6Track it
MOLNIYA 1-71189461988-017AMarch 11, 1988717.8Track it
MOLNIYA 3-31173281987-008AJanuary 22, 1987717.6Track it
MOLNIYA 1-69170781986-089ANovember 15, 1986717.6Track it
MOLNIYA 3-27163931985-117ADecember 24, 1985678Track it
MOLNIYA 3-24157381985-040AMay 29, 1985563.3Track it
MOLNIYA 1-63154291984-124ADecember 14, 1984717.8Track it
MOLNIYA 1-62152141984-089AAugust 24, 1984727.5Track it
MOLNIYA 1-56138901983-019AMarch 16, 1983720.3Track it
MOLNIYA 3-20138751983-015AMarch 11, 1983717.9Track it
MOLNIYA 1-53130701982-015AFebruary 26, 1982717.8Track it
MOLNIYA 1-52130121981-123ADecember 23, 1981717.9Track it
MOLNIYA 1-49121561981-009AJanuary 30, 1981700.1Track it
MOLNIYA 3-13118961980-063AJuly 18, 1980717.8Track it
MOLNIYA 1-44114741979-070AJuly 31, 1979134.9Track it | Passes
MOLNIYA 3-10110571978-095AOctober 13, 1978614.8Track it
MOLNIYA 1-42110071978-080AAugust 22, 1978619.4Track it
MOLNIYA 1-40109251978-055AJune 2, 1978717.7Track it
MOLNIYA 3-8104551977-105AOctober 28, 1977717.1Track it
MOLNIYA 3-799411977-032AApril 28, 1977718.1Track it
MOLNIYA 1-3698801977-021AMarch 24, 1977718Track it
MOLNIYA 2-1798291977-010AFebruary 11, 1977718.5Track it
MOLNIYA 1-3286011976-006AJanuary 22, 1976719.9Track it
MOLNIYA 3-384251975-105ANovember 14, 1975717.6Track it
MOLNIYA 2-1481951975-081ASeptember 9, 1975718Track it
MOLNIYA 2-1380151975-063AJuly 8, 1975717.3Track it
MOLNIYA 1-2977801975-036AApril 29, 1975717.6Track it
MOLNIYA 1-S73921974-060AJuly 29, 19741436.3Track it
MOLNIYA 2-1073761974-056AJuly 23, 1974718Track it
MOLNIYA 2-972761974-026AApril 26, 1974590Track it

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