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COSMOS 1441


COSMOS 1441 is no longer on orbit
COSMOS 1441 is classified as:


NORAD ID: 13818
Int'l Code: 1983-010A
Launch date: February 16, 1983
Source: Commonwealth of Independent States (former USSR) (CIS)
Launch site: PLESETSK MISSILE AND SPACE COMPLEX (PKMTR)
Decay date: 2014-11-08

COSMOS 1441 was a Soviet ELINT (Electronic and Signals Intelligence). From 1965 to 1967 two dedicated ELINT systems were tested: the Tselina and the Navy's US. Both reached service, since the Ministry of Defence could not force a single system on the military services. Tselina was developed by Yuzhnoye and consisted of two satellites: Tselina-O for general observations and Tselina-D for detailed observations. ELINT systems for Tselina were first tested under the Cosmos designation in 1962 to 1965. The first Tselina-O was launched in 1970. The Tselina-D took a long time to enter service due to delays in payload development and weight growth. The whole Tselina system was not operational until 1976. Constant improvement resulted in Tselina-O being abandoned in 1984 and all systems being put on Tselina-D.
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Two Line Element Set (TLE):


Source of the keplerian elements: AFSPC