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TIROS 1

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TIROS 1 is classified as:


NORAD ID: 29
Int'l Code: 1960-002B
Perigee: 636.3 km
Apogee: 669.3 km
Inclination: 48.4 °
Period: 97.6 minutes
Semi major axis: 7023 km
RCS: 0.8537 m2 (medium)
Launch date: April 1, 1960
Source: United States (US)
Launch site: AIR FORCE EASTERN TEST RANGE (AFETR)

TIROS-1 (or TIROS-A) was the first successful low-Earth orbital weather satellite, and the first of a series of Television Infrared Observation Satellites. The TIROS Program was NASA's first experimental step to determine if satellites could be useful in the study of the Earth. At that time, the effectiveness of satellite observations was still unproven. Since satellites were a new technology, the TIROS Program also tested various design issues for spacecraft: instruments, data and operational parameters. The goal was to improve satellite applications for Earth-bound decisions, such as "should we evacuate the coast because of the hurricane?".
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NASA's NSSDC Master Catalog

Two Line Element Set (TLE):
1 00029U 60002B   22342.78591804  .00000444  00000-0  95946-4 0  9993
2 00029  48.3808 359.7917 0023498 143.3923 216.8599 14.74851152351991
Source of the keplerian elements: AFSPC